in your own backyard
When you think of "geological processes," maybe the first thing that comes to mind is the Grand Canyon, pictured at the right. You know that the Grand Canyon got the way it is mostly because of erosion -- the wearing away of the land by water. But of course there are several kinds of erosion, and other processes than erosion that alter the geological landscape, and many of these processes can be seen and studied in your own area.
These processes are so numerous and varied that we can't go into them in detail here. However, just to give you a taste of the world of geological processes, more technically thought of as the study of geomorphology, here's a chart put together from my notebook from back when I took a college course in geomorphology: